Voz Activa - Modales

Active Voice - Modals

Para formar este tiempo, utilizamos los verbos Modales o Modals (can / could / may / might / should / must) + verbo en forma base. Ejemplo: I can play tennis.

  1. Presente
I work
I am working
  2. Presente Perfecto
I have worked
I have been working
  3. Pasado
I worked
I was working
  4. Pasado Perfecto
I had worked
I had been working
  5. Futuro
I will work
I will be working
  6. Futuro Perfecto
I will have worked
I will have been working
  7. Futuro - going to
I am going to work
I am going to be working
  8. Futuro Perfecto - going to
I am going to have worked
I am going to have been working
  9. Futuro - en pasado
I was going to work
I was going to be working
10. Futuro Perfecto - en pasado
I was going to have worked
I was going to have been working
11. Condicional
I would work
I would be working
12. Condicional Perfecto
I would have worked
I would have been working
13. Modales
I (can, could, ...) work
I (can, could, ...) be working
14. Modales + have
I (can, could, ...) have worked
I (can, could, ...) have been working
15. Imperativos
Work!
Let's work!
Formas no continuas - Formas continuas
 

Modals - Forma no continua

What (could/should/...) happen? - ¿Qué (podría/debería/...) pasar?
I (could/should/...) work - (podría/debería/...) trabajar

  • Mary Anne can speak five languages fluently.
    Mary Anne puede hablar cinco idiomas con fluidez.
  • Do not shout! I can hear you perfectly well.
    ¡No grites! Te puedo oir perfectamente.
  • I must work really hard if I want a promotion.
    Debo trabajar muy duro si quiero un ascenso.
  • You must return that book, Jimmy. It is not yours.
    Debes devolver ese libro, Jimmy. No te pertenece.
  • That man owns three houses and two planes. He must be very wealthy.
    Aquel hombre posee tres casas y dos aviones. Debe de ser muy rico.
  • If you are not feeling well, you should call a doctor.
    Si no te sientes bien, deberías llamar al doctor.
  • You look tired, Alec. You should rest more.
    Te ves cansado, Alec. Deberías descansar más.
  • You must not smoke in public places.
    No debes fumar en lugares públicos.
  • Deaf people cannot hear.
    Los sordos no pueden oír.
  • You should not drink and drive.
    No deberías tomar y manejar.
  • We should not litter the floor.
    No deberíamos ensuciar el piso.
  • Can I use your phone, Sally?
    ¿Puedo usar tu teléfono, Sally?
  • What can I do for you, sir?
    ¿En qué lo puedo ayudar, señor?
  • Must we visit grandpa every Sunday, mom?
    ¿Debemos visitar al abuelo todos los domingos, mamá?
  • Should we contribute to this fund-raising event?
    ¿Deberíamos contribuir a este evento para recaudar fondos?

Modals – Forma continua

What (could/should/...) be happening? - ¿Qué (podría/debería/...) estar pasando?
I (could/should/...) be working - (podría/debería/...) estar trabajando

  • That cannot be true! You must be joking.
    ¡Eso no puede ser verdad! Debes de estar bromeando.
  • It is very late. We must be going now.
    Es demasiado tarde. Deberíamos estar yendo ahora.
  • You should be listening to what I am saying.
    Deberías estar escuchando lo que estoy diciendo.
  • Alex can be playing chess for three hours without getting tired.
    Alex puede estar jugando ajedrez durante tres horas sin cansarse.
  • The kid must not be shouting in class.
    El niño no debe estar gritando en clase.
  • Bob cannot be telling the truth. That is impossible!
    Bob no puede estar diciendo la verdad. ¡Eso es imposible!
  • It is 12 noon. Shouldn't the cook be preparing lunch?
    Son las doce del mediodía. ¿No debería el cocinero estar preparando el almuerzo?
  • Must I be doing the homework for tomorrow?
    ¿Debo estar haciendo la tarea para mañana?