Voz Activa - Modales + have

Active voice - Modals + have

Podemos utilizar los verbos Modales (Modals) seguidos del auxiliary 'have' (sujeto + modal + have + participio) para indicar acción en el pasado: I should have gone.

  1. Presente
I work
I am working
  2. Presente Perfecto
I have worked
I have been working
  3. Pasado
I worked
I was working
  4. Pasado Perfecto
I had worked
I had been working
  5. Futuro
I will work
I will be working
  6. Futuro Perfecto
I will have worked
I will have been working
  7. Futuro - going to
I am going to work
I am going to be working
  8. Futuro Perfecto - going to
I am going to have worked
I am going to have been working
  9. Futuro - en pasado
I was going to work
I was going to be working
10. Futuro Perfecto - en pasado
I was going to have worked
I was going to have been working
11. Condicional
I would work
I would be working
12. Condicional Perfecto
I would have worked
I would have been working
13. Modales
I (can, could, ...) work
I (can, could, ...) be working
14. Modales + have
I (can, could, ...) have worked
I (can, could, ...) have been working
15. Imperativos
Work!
Let's work!
Formas no continuas - Formas continuas

Modals+have - Forma no continua

What (could/should/...) have happened? - ¿Qué (podría/debería/...) haber pasado?
I (could/should/...) have worked - (podría/debería/...) haber trabajado

  • Fred made a lot of noise when he came home. You must have heard him.
    Fred hizo mucho ruido cuando llegó anoche. Debiste haberlo oído.
  • The news was awful. You should have said something about it.
    La noticia era espantosa. Deberías haber dicho algo al respecto.
  • That was a terrible accident! The driver must have hurt himself.
    ¡Ese fue un accidente terrible! El conductor debió haberse lastimado.
  • Pam had a toothache. She should have visited the dentist.
    A Pam le dolía un diente. Debería haber visitado al dentista.
  • There was a flying saucer in the sky last night. You must have seen it.
    Había un plato volador en el cielo anoche. Debiste haberlo visto.

  • Nick's dog ran away. It must have been scared of the thunderstorm.
    El perro de Nick se escapó. Debió haberse asustado de la tormenta eléctrica.
  • You should have seen Jen in her wedding dress.
    Deberías haberla visto a Jen en su vestido de novia.
  • The maid should not have frozen the vegetables.
    La mucama no debería haber congelado los vegetales.
  • Sarah failed the exam. She must not have studied enough.
    Sara no pasó el examen. No debe haber estudiado lo suficiente.

  • Mr. Benson should not have accepted Dr. Harrison's proposal.
    El Sr. Benson no debería haber aceptado la propuesta del Dr. Harrison.
  • Should mom have woken you up at 7:00?
    ¿Mamá debería haberte despertado a las 7:00?
  • Should they have left earlier?
    ¿Deberían haber partido más temprano?
  • Could I have applied for a sick leave?
    ¿Podría haber solicitado una licencia por enfermedad?

Modals+have - Forma continua

What (could/should/...) have been happening? - ¿Qué (podría/debería/...) haber estado pasando?
I (could/should/...) have been working - (podría/debería/...) haber estado trabajando

  • I could have been dancing at the party instead of staying at home.
    Yo podría haber estado bailando en la fiesta en lugar de quedarme en casa.
  • The baby must have been eating. The table is dirty.
    El bebé debió haber estado comiendo. La mesa está sucia.
  • My friends should have been waiting here for me.
    Mis amigos deberían haber estado esperándome aquí.
  • It has been raining a lot lately. You should not have been watering the garden.
    Ha estado lloviendo mucho últimamente. No deberías haber estado regando el jardín.
  • Patrick is ill again. He must not have been taking his medicine.
    Patrick está enfermo de nuevo. No debe haber estado tomando su medicina.
  • Should they have been lighting the candles?
    ¿Ellos deberían estar prendiendo las velas?
  • Could we have been swimming at the beach?
    ¿Podríamos haber estado nadando en la playa?