Voz Activa - Pasado Perfecto

Active Voice - Past Perfect

El tiempo Pasado Perfecto (Past Perfect) responde a la pregunta: What had happened? (¿Qué había pasado?) o What had been happening? (¿Qué había estado pasando?).

Las expresiones se estructuran en forma No Continua o forma Continua:
• Sujeto + had + verbo en participio (I had worked).
• Sujeto + had + been + verbo en progresivo (I had been working).

  1. Presente
I work
I am working
  2. Presente Perfecto
I have worked
I have been working
  3. Pasado
I worked
I was working
  4. Pasado Perfecto
I had worked
I had been working
  5. Futuro
I will work
I will be working
  6. Futuro Perfecto
I will have worked
I will have been working
  7. Futuro - going to
I am going to work
I am going to be working
  8. Futuro Perfecto - going to
I am going to have worked
I am going to have been working
  9. Futuro - en pasado
I was going to work
I was going to be working
10. Futuro Perfecto - en pasado
I was going to have worked
I was going to have been working
11. Condicional
I would work
I would be working
12. Condicional Perfecto
I would have worked
I would have been working
13. Modales
I (can, could, ...) work
I (can, could, ...) be working
14. Modales + have
I (can, could, ...) have worked
I (can, could, ...) have been working
15. Imperativos
Work!
Let's work!
Formas no continuas - Formas continuas

Past Perfect - Forma no continua

What had happened? - ¿Qué había pasado?
I had worked - Había trabajado

  • When John got off the train, he realized that someone had stolen his wallet.
    Cuando John se bajó del tren, se dió cuenta de que alguien le había robado su billetera.
  • Jane did not go to the movies because she had seen the film twice.
    Jane no fue al cine porque había visto la película dos veces.
  • When I got to the party, Kevin was not there. He had already left.
    Cuando llegué a la fiesta, Kevin no estaba allí. Ya se había ido.
  • Peter had sent Alison some flowers before he went to visit her.
    Peter le había enviado flores a Alison antes de ir a visitarla.
  • Mr. Smith had made hotel reservations before he traveled to Spain
    El Sr. Smith había hecho reservas de hotel antes de viajar a España.
  • The teacher soon realized I had not studied the lesson.
    La profesora pronto se dió cuenta de que yo no había estudiado la lección.
  • My sister had never been to a concert before last night.
    Mi hermana nunca había estado en un concierto hasta anoche.
  • Had the plane already departed when you arrived at the airport?
    ¿Había ya partido el avión cuando llegaste al aeropuerto?
  • Had you lived in Liverpool before you settled in London?
    ¿Habías vivido en Liverpool antes de que te establecieras en Londres.

Past Perfect - Forma continua

What had been happening? - ¿Qué había estado pasando?
I had been working - Había estado trabajando

  • Ralph had been driving for hours when he finally stopped to rest.
    Ralph había estado manejando durante horas cuando finalmente se detuvo a descansar.
  • The children were out of breath because they had been running.
    Los niños estaban sin aliento porque habían estado corriendo.
  • Tim had been living in that house for decades before he moved out.
    Tim había estado viviendo en esa casa por décadas antes de mudarse de allí.
  • Susan told me she had not been sleeping well lately.
    Susan me dijo que no había estado durmiendo bien últimamente.
  • Had the children been watching TV before their mother got home?
    ¿Los niños habían estado mirando la televisión antes de que su madre llegara a casa?